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Anatomical Abnormalities of the Vagina

There are a number of abnormalities that women may experience in their vagina. These anatomical abnormalities will have been with the woman since birth, as they develop during the foetal stage. Some of these abnormalities can be severe, consisting of the complete absence of the vagina or sexual organs, others consisting of blockages in the vagina.

Vaginal agenesis is an anatomical abnormality of the vagina that involves the complete or partial absence of the vagina. The sexual organs may be present or absent, depending upon the case. This condition can cause problems if a uterus is still present, as the woman will undergo menstruation but the blood will not be able to leave the body. This condition can also make it impossible for a woman to experience vaginal intercourse. Many patients suffering from this condition will undergo surgery to have a vagina created using folds of skin. This will allow the patient to engage in sexual intercourse, and it allows women with uteruses present to bear children.

Vaginal atresia is another anatomical abnormality of the vagina that involves the partial or complete absence of the vagina. The vulva may and ovaries may be present, so the condition may not be recognised until menstruation doesn’t occur. Surgery may be necessary to allow the blood to leave the body. If this doesn’t happen, it can potentially lead to serious difficulties.
Mullerian aplasia is an anatomical abnormality of the vagina that is similar to vaginal atresia in that the ovaries and vulva may be present and functioning, but the uterus and top of the vagina are absent. This can cause similar complications to those mentioned before, and must often be treated in a similar way.

The aforementioned conditions are all similar in nature, all involving the absence of sexual organs in a woman’s body. The final most commonly found anatomical abnormality of the vagina is called a transverse vaginal septum. This condition involves a blockage in the vagina created by tissue that formed while the embryo developed. This condition is often not as serious as the previously mentioned anatomical abnormalities of the vagina, as it does not prevent menstruation or any other functions of the vagina. It can cause problems during sexual intercourse, childbirth and when inserting a tampon. Because of this, most women experiencing this condition will undergo surgery to have the blockage removed, to allow them to lead a normal life.